Pump restriction. If a pump is running under excess restriction, such as a clogged
intake, full trap basket or other obstruction, it will be much louder than normal.
Cavitation. If a pump is starved for water it will tend to cavitate. This makes a
lot of noise because the pump is working against itself.
Over-Performance. If a pump is moving more water than intended (has much less restriction
on the return than is intended), then it will tend to make a lot of noise. If, for instance, you run a poolsweep pump without the poolsweep unit attached, then it
will make a lot of this type of noise.
Internal Blockage. Sometimes something will get pulled into a pump that will cause it to make a
lot of grinding noise. Also if the impeller on an Aqua-Flo pump is touching the face of the volute, it will make a grinding noise.