Pool Flow Rates
The first job of the pool pump is to circulate the pool water through the filter and
back out to the pool. To do so, the pump must have a minimum flow rate in GPM (gallons per minute) that will allow it to move all the water through the filter within a
given amount of time..
To determine the minimum flow rate you must do two things:
Determine the capacity of your pool in gallons.
Rectangular Pools  Length x Width x Average Depth x
7.5 = Gallons in Pool
If the pool is 30 feet long by 18 feet wide by 4.5 feet deep, the
approximate pool volume is 18,225 gallons.
(30 times 18 times 4.5 times 7.5)
Length

Width

Avg. Depth

7.5

Gallons

30

18

4.5

7.5

18225

25

16

3.5

7.5

10500


Round Pools  Radius x Radius x 3.14 x Average Depth
x 7.5 = Gallons in Pool
If the round pool has a 14 foot radius, and a depth of 4.5 ft. then
the approximate pool volume would be 20.771
(14 times 14 times 3.14 times 4.5 times 7.5) REMEMBER: Radius
equals diameter divided by 2.
Radius^{2}

3.14

Avg. Depth

7.5

Gallons

14 x 14

3.14

4.5

7.5

20771

12.5 x 12.5

3.14

3.5

7.5

12878


Determine the desired turnover rate.
In other words, how long should it take to move the entire contents of
your swimming pool through the filter. Divide the pool gallonage by the turnover rate to determine the minimum flow rate per hour. Divide that number by 60 to
determine the minimum flow rate per minute.
Gallons In Pool

Flow Rate Required for Proper Turnover

6 hr. turnover
(high use)

8 hr turnover
(medium use)

10 hr turnover
(low use)

10,000

27.8

20.8

16.7

15,000

41.7

31.3

25.0

20,000

55.6

41.7

33.3

25,000

69.4

52.1

41.7

30,000

83.3

62.5

50.0

40,000

111.1

83.3

66.7

50,000

138.9

104.2

83.3

10,0000

277.8

208.3

166.7

If the pool holds 20,000 gallons of water and enjoys a medium level of
usage, you would look at the 20,000 gallon line and go to the 8 hour turnover column (for medium use). You would find that the pool requires a 41.7 gallon per minute
flow rate to achieve proper turnover. You can look at the pump charts to find out the pump that will deliver that level of
performance.
Not sure what size pump you need?
Request a FREE PUMP SIZE recommendation
specifically for your pool.
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